Wednesday, August 15, 2018

SignalR – Create a simple application

SignalR is addition to the ASP.NET. It is started as an opensource project by some members of ASP.NET team. Due to its features and usability it is incorporated in the ASP.NET and officially become the part of the Microsoft ASP.NET.
SignalR enables you to do real-time communications between your browsers and server so that you push real-time updates to the browsers. Signal usage the technology that each browser support to enable real-time communication for example. If you are using the Internet Explorer 6 then used web pooling but in case of the current updated browser it used WebSocket.
Web pooling
In case of latest and updated clients, WebSocket make the real-time communication easy
Image create from -
SignalR does a quite bit more for the real-time communication. It is capable of communicating with multiple mobile and desktop clients.
It supports both ASP.NET and OWIN for open web interface for .NET. It can work with different Backplanes and using these Backplanes you can have multiple webserver which can in sync with each other. All of these keep real-time communication with different type of clients.
SignalR Components
For example, a client pushes a update to one of your webserver and that webserver communicates over the Backplanes to another web server which sends information down to a client using jQuery and html it is all setup for you through SignalR.
Let’s create a small SignalR example: This example is just for showing the functionality. In this example we just create static variable to know the active connections.
Open Visual studio and create an empty ASP.NET application
Then add a SignalR Hub Class, but there is another option is available “SignalR Persistent Connection Class” which something low level connection. SignalR Hub Class is high level implementation use. Now right click on the project in Solution Explorer and select New -> New Item to add a Hub Class named “ActiveConnectionCounter”.
Once you add this class file to the project then required references automatically added to the project e.g. jQuery and react JavaScript libraries.
Now the add static variable to keep the active connections and rename default create method name to “NotifyNewUser”. After that notify the all clients about the active connections change by specifying a dynamic method as shown in the below code snippet.
namespace WebDev.AspNetReact
    public class ActiveConnectionCounter : Hub
        static int activeConnections = 0;
        public void NotifyNewUser()
            activeConnections += 1;
            //Notify all users about the active users by passing value to a dynamic method
Now time to trap the disconnected event so that we can notify about the disconnection of the any user. To do so override the OnDisconnected method and notify the all clients after decreasing the active connections.
public override Task OnDisconnected(bool stopCalled)
    activeConnections -= 1;
    //Notify all users about the active users by passing value to a dynamic method
    return base.OnDisconnected(stopCalled);

Now in implementation client call the method NotifyNewUser to notify the new user active on the website and client notified using the “onAtiveConnectionChanged” callback.
To complete the example, add a html page to the project using Project->Add New Item menu or by right click on project.
Add a <div> to show the active users count and required JavaScript libraries e.g. jQuery, jquery.singalR.
<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <script src="Scripts/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>
    <script src="Scripts/jquery.signalR-2.2.2.min.js"></script>
    <div id="activeUserCount"></div>   </body>

After that add script to initiate the communication.

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(function () {
        var cn = $.hubConnection();
        var hub = cn.createHubProxy('activeConnectionCounter');
        hub.on('onAtiveConnectionChanged', function (i) {
        cn.start(function () {
            //Invoke Server method name

Though we have created an empty ASP.NET project so we need to configure OWIN or map SignalR a startup. To do this create one Class with name Startup.cs under “App_Start” folder in the solution explorer.
using Owin;
namespace WebDev.AspNetReact
    public class Startup
        public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)

There are three way to configure the OWIN and they are described here - OWIN Startup Class Detection.
Now example is ready. Run the application and open the html page URL in different browsers.
Here we have created an example to start learning about the SignalR application and to know about the Visual Studio tool go through the tutorial.

Friday, August 10, 2018

Upgrade SQL Server 2014 to SQL Server 2016/17

In previous article “SQL Server Installation Guide for Beginners” will help you do a clean install. However, it is for SQL Server 2005 but steps are most of same for the latest version of the SQL Server,

First prepare for upgrade SQL Server and check the Supported Version and Edition Upgrades for SQL Server 2017.

Along this consider to check “Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server”.

The first would be Prepare for upgrade by running Data Migration Assistant. It will let you know that it there any obstacles in upgrade to SQL Server 2016/17. Here is an nice explanation and migration steps to SQL Server.

Mount/insert the SQL Server 2016/17 installation ISO or media. double-click Setup.exe. Now it will open the SQL Server installation center.

Upgrade SQL Server 2014 to SQL Server 2016/17

To upgrade an existing instance of SQL Server, click Installation in the left-hand navigation area, and then click “Upgrade from a previous version of SQL Server”.


On the next step enter product key for the SQL Sever version/edition that you have. If you have MSDN static key then the existing key will work for you.


At “Accept License terms” page select the I accept the license terms check box, and then click Next.


Now setup checks for the installation files and any update available.


After setup files validation it checks for the Upgrade Rules


if there are no rule errors then at the next step, select the instance to upgrade.


Select features that you want to install/remove. By default the features to upgrade will be preselected on the Select Features page.


On the “Instance Configuration” page, you need to specify the Instance ID for the instance of SQL

On next step, the” Server Configuration” page the default service accounts are displayed for SQL Server services.


Press next to proceed to the “Full-text upgrade” page. There are three options – Import, Rebuild, and Reset. Specify the upgrade options for the databases being upgraded. For more information, see Full-Text Search Upgrade Options. For my case I was upgrading from SQL Server 2014 so I decided to import the existing one.

Now it will check the "Feature Rules" in the next step and display the summary after validation.


In my case, there was an error related SQL Server analysis service.

To Resolve the issue, we need to start the analysis services. Follow this step by step article to resolve this SQL Server Analysis Services start issue.


Now setup wizard advances to the upgrade page which displays a tree view of installation options that were specified during Setup. Click Install to continue.

At this step required prerequisites installed for the selected features to upgrade.


Click on “Upgrade” button to start the upgrade process and It will show the progress information.


When the upgrade process completes then you will see the installed features status. Pressing OK button on the “Computer restart required” dialog to disappear it.


Press “Close” button to finish the upgrade process.

Now we have done with SQL Server upgrade process to SQL Server 2016 and 2017.

Thursday, August 9, 2018

Fix SQL Server Analysis Services start issue

Today I was upgrading an instance of SQL Server to SQL Server 2016. During the installation, I got below error at Feature Rules validation step.

SQL Server Analysis Service

From the error message I found that SQL Server Analysis Service is up. So below are the steps to resolve the SQL Server Analysis Service start issue:

Step 1: Press Win+R keys and type “compmgmt.msc” to open the component management console

SQL Server Analysis Service

Step 2: Expand the SQL Server Configuration node and then select SQL Server Services. On the right panel you will find the SQL Server Analysis Service and the state would be Stopped.

Step 3: Now right click on Start SQL Server Analysis Service if fails the solution is the go to logon and change the SQL Server Analysis Service and select start from the menu.

SQL Server Analysis Service

If everything is correct on your system then this service gets start on your system and Hope this way work for you in first attempt. But this not happened with me easily and I got error message “Windows could not start the SQL Server Analysis Services (MSSQLSERVER) service on Local Computer”:


In my case, after investigation on the system I come to know that the account which had permission on the Network account was by mistake deleted and I followed the below steps to start the service with different user account on the system:

  1. Right clicked on the SQL Server Analysis Service and select “Properties”
  2. On the Logon tab, browse the local administer account or another user account that has enough privilege to impersonate the service:

Now attempt to start the service. If provided account has permission and privilege then it will get start immediately.

I was not able to make it work after providing the administrator account credentials. The above image was after the service get start and to make it work I tried to search about the error message and found some reference about this message here.

I found information to get the further steps to fix the issue that when an SQL Server Analysis Services instance starts, it’s actually looking for a file called msmdsrv.exe located in $InstallDir\Microsoft SQL Server\MSAS12.MSSQLSERVER\OLAP\bin. So, to correct the things to start the service follow these steps:

  1. Open File Explorer and go to this SQL Server Analysis Service installation folder.
  2. Right click on bin folder and go to Security tab in properties window.SQL Server Analysis Service
  3. Click on Edit… and add the service impersonation account if you add another account as I did earlier. Otherwise provide permission to the user which is associated with Network service or added user account.

Now again attempt to start the service in component management window. This time it starts as like charm for me.

Hope this help to resolve issue for others. Cheers!

Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Introduction to Angular 4 and TypeScript - Structure of Angular Projects and Webpack

In this article, you are going to learn about the structure of Angular project and Webpack.
  • Introduction
    • What is Angular?
    • Why do we need Angular?
    • Architecture and Building Blocks of Angular Apps
  • Setting Up the Development Environment
  • Your First Angular App
  • =>Structure of Angular Projects
  • =>Webpack
  • TypeScript Fundamentals
    • What is TypeScript?
    • Creating First TypeScript Program
    • Declaring Variables
    • Types
    • Type Assertions
    • Arrow Functions
    • Interfaces
    • Classes
    • Objects
    • Constructors
    • Access Modifiers
    • Access Modifiers in Constructor Parameters
    • Properties
    • Modules
  • Angular Fundamentals
    • Creating Components
    • Generating Components Using Angular CLI
    • Templates
    • Directives
    • Services
    • Dependency Injection
    • Generating Services Using Angular CLI
  • Exercise
This tutorial on angular 4 project directory structure and webpack. Before start working with Angular project we should know about the structure of the project and where are different functional files resides in the directory structure. Along this what compile these project file in background to reflect changes in browser in real time.
webpack is a module bundler. Its main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.
Project directory structure
According to the documentation, all our source files are under a folder and app lives in the src folder. All Angular components, templates, styles, images, and anything else your app needs go here. Any files outside of this folder are meant to support building your app. 
Under that folder is an app folder that contains the source files specific for our application. For each major feature in the application we create subfolders under the app folder.
Defines the AppComponent along with an HTML template, CSS stylesheet, and a unit test. It is the root component of what will become a tree of nested components as the application evolves.
Defines AppModule, the root module that tells Angular how to assemble the application. Right now it declares only the AppComponent. Soon there will be more components to declare.
A folder where you can put images and anything else to be copied wholesale when you build your application.
This folder contains one file for each of your destination environments, each exporting simple configuration variables to use in your application. The files are replaced on-the-fly when you build your app. You might use a different API endpoint for development than you do for production or maybe different analytics tokens. You might even use some mock services. Either way, the CLI has you covered.
Every site wants to look good on the bookmark bar. Get started with your very own Angular icon.
The main HTML page that is served when someone visits your site. Most of the time you'll never need to edit it. The CLI automatically adds all js and cssfiles when building your app so you never need to add any <script> or <link> tags here manually.
The main entry point for your app. Compiles the application with the JIT compiler and bootstraps the application's root module (AppModule) to run in the browser. You can also use the AOT compiler without changing any code by appending the--aot flag to the ng build and ng serve commands.
Different browsers have different levels of support of the web standards. Polyfills help normalize those differences. You should be pretty safe with core-js and zone.js, but be sure to check out the Browser Support guide for more information.
Your global styles go here. Most of the time you'll want to have local styles in your components for easier maintenance, but styles that affect all of your app need to be in a central place.
This is the main entry point for your unit tests. It has some custom configuration that might be unfamiliar, but it's not something you'll need to edit.
TypeScript compiler configuration for the Angular app ( and for the unit tests (tsconfig.spec.json).


The other files here are configuration and setup files, often called boilerplate files. To get us going quickly, In the package.json file, we define that   what  libraries need to install to develop and run our application. This file contains a list of all the application's dependencies. The entries start with @angular are Angular system libraries.
If we use the “npm install” on the terminal for the project, then it will check all the dependencies defined in this file and install in the “node_modules” folder.

Note: “node modules” folder contains all of our libraries for application which is installed by npm. This folder is large, so we may want to exclude it when we check-in our files into a source control system.

Inside e2e/ live the end-to-end tests. They shouldn't be inside src/ because e2e tests are really a separate app that just so happens to test your main app. That's also why they have their own tsconfig.e2e.json.
Node.js creates this folder and puts all third party modules listed inpackage.json inside of it.
Configuration for Angular CLI. In this file you can set several defaults and also configure what files are included when your project is built. Check out the official documentation if you want to know more.
Simple configuration for your editor to make sure everyone that uses your project has the same basic configuration. Most editors support an .editorconfig file. See for more information.
Git configuration to make sure autogenerated files are not commited to source control.
Unit test configuration for the Karma test runner, used when running ng test.
npm configuration listing the third party packages your project uses. You can also add your own custom scripts here.
End-to-end test configuration for Protractor, used when running ng e2e.
Basic documentation for your project, pre-filled with CLI command information. Make sure to enhance it with project documentation so that anyone checking out the repo can build your app!
TypeScript compiler configuration for your IDE to pick up and give you helpful tooling.
Linting configuration for TSLint together with Codelyzer, used when running ng lint. Linting helps keep your code style consistent.
This is all about the folder structure and now we see the webpack in action.
Now we going to make changes in the application along site application is already running on “localhost:4200”.
Now open the “app.components.ts” file under the folder src\app. Change the title from ‘app’ to ‘My First Angular App’ and as you change this text it will automatically reflect in the browser.

Web view:
When we change the title and save the file, you see in the command prompt we see the “compiling”.  After completion of the compilation you will see the changes reflect in the browser.
Angular CLI user the tool “webpack” which is a build automation bundle all out stylesheets, code file and minifies them for optimization. Webpack automatically recompile our application and refreshes bundles.
It is the webpack feature “Hot Module Replacement” (HMR). When any source file modifies webpack automatically refreshes the browser to reflect the changes. Webpack injects all the bundles in the startup index.html page at runtime.
In this article you have seen through the project folder structure Angular project and webpack for automated compilation

Tuesday, December 5, 2017

How to include DevExpress references in ASP.NET projects using NuGet?


DevExpress introduced NuGet packages for some subscriptions and it been a long time that I have not yet tried rather installing full package of DevExpress controls. Now it is much easy to include references through NuGet Package Manager.

Using DevExpress NuGet packages for DevExpress Controls

The brief information about the DevExpress NuGet Packages is described on Mehual Harry’s blog post - DevExpress NuGet Packages - Now Available

An excellent step-by-step guide to setup Visual Studio for DevExpress NuGet packages available in below QA thread:
DevExpress NuGet Packages: T466415

Setup DevExpress NuGet Feed to Visual Studio

  1. In Visual Studio, select Tools | Options. Under NuGet Package Manager, locate the Package Sources item.
  2. Add new package source using a string in the following format: “{feed-authorization-key}/api”. This feed-authorization-key is available in your DevExpress account's Download Manager and just replace the copied authorization key in the source url.


Using NuGet Packages in Projects

Right-click a solution and select Manage NuGet Packages for Solution and then Select the newly added package source:

Using DevExpress NuGet Packages

Select the package you want to add to your project and all linked references will be added automatically.

Intall DevExpress Packages to Projects

updated references after adding DevExpress Packages to Projects

Now time to test the project after updating references.

Note: If you face problem with editor controls then follow the documentation of ASP.NET MVC Extensions for Integration into an ASP.NET MVC Project and we are doing Manual Integration into an Existing Project.


We have added DevExpress references to the projects from Using DevExpress NuGet packages and after that you will be able to configure your project to run the ASP.NET controls.

Thursday, November 16, 2017

What is Microsoft SQL Operations Studio?


SQL Operations Studio is a free, light-weight data management tool that runs on Windows, macOS, and Linux, for managing SQL Server, Azure SQL Database, and Azure SQL Data Warehouse;

Download and Install instruction for SQL Operations Studio Public Preview available here: Download SQL Operations Studio

Below is the feature list of SQL Operations Studio:

  • Cross-Platform DB management for Windows, macOS and Linux with simple XCopy deployment
  • SQL Server Connection Management with Connection Dialog, Server Groups, and Registered Servers

  • Object Explorer supporting schema browsing and contextual command execution

  • T-SQL Query Editor with advanced coding features such as autosuggestions, error diagnostics, tooltips, formatting and peek definition.

    T-SQL Query Intellisense
  • Query Results Viewer with advanced data grid supporting large result sets, export to JSON\CSV\Excel, query plan and charting

    Query Results Viewer
  • Management Dashboard supporting customizable widgets with drill-through actionable insights
  • Visual Data Editor that enables direct row insertion, update and deletion into tables
  • Backup and Restore dialogs that enables advanced customization and remote file system browsing, configured tasks can be executed or scripted
  • Task History window to view current task execution status, completion results with error messages and task T-SQL scripting
  • Scripting support to generate CREATE, SELECT and DROP statements for database objects
  • Workspaces with full Git integration and Find In Files support to managing T-SQL script libraries
  • Modern light-weight shell with theming, user settings, full screen support, integrated terminal and numerous other features

T-SQL code snippets

It also provides T-SQL code snippets which generate the proper T-SQL syntax to create databases, tables, views, stored procedures, users, logins, roles, etc., and to update existing database objects. To learn more, see Create and use code snippets.

sql snippet

(T-SQL) IntelliSense

SQL Operations Studio offers a modern, keyboard-focused T-SQL coding experience like SQL Server Management Studio that makes your everyday tasks easier with built-in features, such as multiple tab windows, a rich T-SQL editor, IntelliSense, keyword completion, code snippets, code navigation, and source control integration (Git).

Connection management (server groups)

Server groups provide a way to organize and share connection information for the servers and databases you work with. For details, see Server groups.

Integrated Terminal

Use your favorite command-line tools (for example, Bash, PowerShell, sqlcmd, bcp, and ssh) in the Integrated Terminal window right within the SQL Operations Studio (preview) user interface. To learn about the integrated terminal, see Integrated terminal.

Integrated Terminal

Information from MSOS documentation: Microsoft SQL Operations Studio


It is a nice lightweight cross platform tool for SQL Developers and DBAs. I found it very intuitive and easy to use for managing database. Nice step by Microsoft toward OSS and cross platform development using such good Electron based tool rather SQL Server 2017 is also cross platform.